What You Need to Know About China
China is a country located in Eastern Asia. Its diverse landscape is home to many different cultures. Its history is complex and varied, but the key elements are its population, economic growth, political organization, and environmental crisis. In this article, we’ll look at some of the most significant aspects of the country. After you’ve read this article, you’ll be well-equipped to ask questions about this complex country. There’s plenty to learn about China’s history and environment, and you’ll be well-informed about this enlightening region.
Historical background of China
The boxer Rebellion was a mass uprising by Chinese nationals against foreign influence in China. The Boxer fighters believed that they were immune to foreign weapons and had come to Beijing to proclaim their support of the Qing government and extermination of foreigners. The revolt was crushed by Germany and Japan, but not before the Chinese people made peace. The Chinese government imposed a socialist system during the period, and resisted foreign forces, which resulted in the rise of the Communist Party.
During this period, China was a leader in a tributary system where neighboring countries recognized its superiority through tribute and other subordinate customs. However, as time passed, China began to see Westerners as enemies, establishing ‘unequal treaties’ and eventually, the Tongzhi Restoration. Today, China enjoys one of the longest and most diverse cultural histories in the world. The Wikipedia entry on China’s history has five sections:
Economic development of China
Energy is a major economic factor in China. The country produces the largest share of its power from fossil fuels at thermal plants, while hydroelectric installations generate only one percent of its total power. Nuclear power provides two percent of China’s power, primarily from plants in Guangdong and Zhejiang. China has a vast energy potential, but most of its resources are far from major users of the technology. The northeast and central areas of China have large deposits of oil and coal, while the southwest and northeast have enormous hydroelectric potential.
The Chinese economy is increasingly dependent on exports. The country’s rapid growth has been attributed to exports. The Chinese government encouraged the development of foreign-invested factories that assembled imported components into consumer goods for export. After a period of globalization, China’s government liberalised trading rights. The 11th Five-Year Program has placed a great deal of emphasis on a consumer demand-driven economy that would sustain economic growth and resolve imbalances.
Political organization in China
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is the most important institution in the country. The Communist Party has a total of 196 branches, including the National People’s Congress (NPC). The CPPCC is the top noncommunist legislative body in China. The NPC has more than two thousand and three hundred elected delegates and is the most important legislative body in the world. Members are indirectly elected for five-year terms and dress in traditional clothing during its legislative sessions.
In China, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is the dominant political organization. Eight minor parties have been in existence since 1949 as members of the United Front. The CCP has 55 million members and plays a decisive role in the formulation of government policies and directing the implementation of these policies at all levels of administration. The CCP maintains party supervision through the appointment of its members to key government posts. It also forms specialized organs to deal with specific subjects, such as education, health, and the environment. The CCP has branches in individual government units such as factories, villages, and nationality townships.
Environmental crisis in China
There are many reasons for environmental instability in China. For example, severe water pollution and scarcity could put your investments at risk. Recent clusters of children who have been exposed to lead poisoning are causing widespread public outrage. The Chinese leadership is also concerned about social unrest. Several reports show that 50,000 people protested environmental violations in China in 2005. In some cases, these protests have turned violent. A senior representative of a Beijing-based chemical company says he scans Chinese media daily to watch for any incidents.
Despite this, China is already addressing its environmental problems with unusual urgency. Since 1996, it has reduced sulphur dioxide emissions, shut down polluting industries and drafted legislation to curb further environmental degradation. Still, Shen and Lin argue that environmental problems require unprecedented social engineering to deal with. In particular, they point to the 900 million peasants in northern China, who represent nearly a third of the population and 15% of GDP.